Archive for April, 2012

Locating the kitchen sink

Monday, April 30th, 2012

When I started to design my kitchen, I discovered that the location of the sink is one of the most critical, if not the most critical part of the kitchen.  It’s part of the critical work triangle.  It’s part of the prep zone and cleanup zone which should be adjacent to cooking zone.  If you have multiple sinks, then you can have multiple zones or triangles.

Here’s my checklist to help with the location of the sink:

1.      Placement of the sink in the kitchen should be first.  Arrange everything else around it.

2.      Allow for adequate counter space around the sink.  NBKA guidelines for a cleanup sink or a kitchen with only one sink are at least 24” of counter on one side and 18” on the other side(I would try for 36” or more).  If you also have a prep sink, then it should have at least 18” on one side and 3” on the other side.  Since the dishwasher needs to be next to the sink, the 24” requirement is taken care of.  Don’t skimp on counter space.  Think of all the things you set on the counter next to the sink – dirty dishes, food to be cleaned or rinsed, pots to be filled, etc…

3.      You should have cabinet storage near the sink for dishes and silverware that come out of the dishwasher (or sink).  You should have storage for trash/recyclables that may come from food prep.  Storage for detergents and cleaning supplies.  Since I have a coffee pot next to the sink (easier to fill) and an instant hot water/chilled water dispenser in the sink, I also have storage for teas, coffees, hot chocolates, filters, etc…  Storage for food cleaning and prep (including paring knives), and also linens. If you have containers for leftovers, you may want them near the sink also.

4.      Consider the location of the sink in relation with the fridge and cooktop, and think through how you normally move around to prepare your meals.  NBKA work triangle guidelines for the sink, should be in between 4 and 9 feet from the fridge and cooktop, with all 3 legs between 12 and 26 feet (my opinion – closer to 12 the better).  No major traffic patterns should go through a leg of the triangle.  Multiple sinks (especially in larger kitchens) allows for multiple work triangles with fridge drawers, ovens, microwaves, bake centers, 2nd dishwashers, etc…

5.       If you have an island, consider putting a sink in the island and making it part of the zone for the baking center (oven, microwave, fridge drawers and sink).  If used as part of the baking center work triangle, consider using a larger sink (I have a 18” x 21” sink in the island).  Whenever I’m baking, I generate a LOT of dirty dishes (big mixing bowls, cookie sheets, measuring cups, whips, etc..), so a small sink would not work.  If you have a cooktop nearby, and the sink has a pullout spray faucet, you also have a pot filler (bonus!).

6.      The sink should be under lighting, and it’s always nice to have it near a window or looking out into the room (since a large amount of time in the kitchen is spent at the sink, consider what you want to look at – not the wall, while you’re working there).

7.      Don’t locate an extra sink where it isn’t near items that need it’s use.  A pantry might be an example of this, or away from all appliances.  You might use it to wash your hands.  Otherwise, it will stay pretty clean;-)

8.      Make sure you have a place near the sink to hang a towel to dry your hands or dishes.  This is easy to overlook until everything is installed.

 

Quartz vs granite countertops

Monday, April 23rd, 2012

Quartz advantages

        More consistent look (but can contain variations)

        Will match showroom sample pieces closer than granite

        Lower maintenance – No sealing necessary (not porous, no cracks)

        Resistant to bacteria (Silestone has patented microbobial protection)

        More resistant to stains

        stronger

        Radon free (study done by quartz manufacturers)

        1cm available in some quartz for backsplash

        warranty

 

Granite advantages

        More selection variety

        Looks natural, not manufactured

        Some stains or debris may be less noticeable in a granite that has a movement, color variations,  or grain that disguises it

        Maybe slightly more heat resistant than quartz, because of the resin in the quartz counters

        Some granites may be cheaper than quartz

        Bleach may stain quartz countertop

 

 Quartz countertop brands:

Avanza – 23 colors

                http://www.avanzausa.com/home/home.cfm?showFlash=yes

Cambria – Lifetime warranty, 2 times strength of granite, 98 colors, 1cm available

                    http://www.cambriausa.com/

Caeserstone – lifetime warranty, 42 colors, 4 times strength of granite

                          http://www.caesarstoneus.com/

Silestone – 15 yr warranty, 4 times strength of granite, patented microbial protection, 60 quartz colors,                      solid colors available

                     http://www.silestoneusa.com

Viatera  – 15 yr warranty, 22 colors

                http://www.lghausys.com/us/product/surfaces/whylg_viatera.jsp?tab=tab-1

Zodiaq – 10 yr warranty, 48 colors

                 http://www2.dupont.com/Zodiaq_Global_Landing/en_US/index.html

Kitchen Granite Countertops – selection and installation tips

Monday, April 16th, 2012

 

Kitchen Granite Countertops – selection and installation tips

There’s more to selecting granite countertops than picking a pretty sample at the store and hoping you’ll be happy with the results.  Here are some things I found out, that will help you get a stunning countertop that you’ll be happy to live with.

Polished black granite – gorgeous, streaks easily, shows finger prints, and water spots. Some varieties of black granite are bad and may give you problems.  My opinion is high maintenance.

A polished surface will show crumbs and other debris, but will provide more protection for the granite than a honed surface.  If you select granite with variations in color and grain, it may help to disguise anything that didn’t get wiped up.

Never pick your granite countertop from a sample chip in a retail store.  Go to the wholesale yard and chose the slab(s) you want (have it tagged once you choose a fabricator).  The color variations and grain patterns on some types of granite will vary greatly, with one slab being be the best you’ve ever seen, and another of the same type of granite being be the worst you’ve ever seen.   Take a sample of the flooring and cabinet with you to hold against the granite to help you in selecting the slab (I like to choose the tile after the countertop, since there are more tile choices).  In most cases, you will only be using small sections of the slab for each counter.  Bracket out sections on the slab to help visualize what a section of counter will look like (It’s easy to just love a whole slab, but not when it’s cut up into pieces). Run your fingers along the edge of slab, feeling for any cracks.  Reject any slabs that have a crack.  After you’ve found a slab you like, have the yard break off a corner piece for you.  The slab under cool fluorescent lights or sunlight may not look the same as it will under the lights in your kitchen, so you need a piece to look at in your environment .  See this you tube – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VM10axdBRmU&feature=related).

 Now that you have a piece at home, test it to see how porous it is.  Not all granite has the same porosity!  In fact, if the porosity is less than .25%, it doesn’t need sealing. If you are a neat freak who is always wiping up things the second they hit the counter, then this might not be an issue.  If things don’t get wiped up right away (my house), then don’t skip this step.  The first test is the lemon test.  Put a few drops of lemon juice on the granite.  If it develops dark spots quickly, then it needs to be sealed.  If it doesn’t absorb at all, then it may not need to be sealed.  Try the same thing with water and mineral oil for about 10 – 15 minutes.  If it doesn’t darken the stone, then it might not need to be sealed.  Next, try things that might be spilled and not wiped up right away – cooking oils, mustard, salad dressing, wine, etc… on the backside.   Let it sit overnight, and then check to see how bad they stain.  If there is considerable staining, then get some 511 sealer from Home Depot, Menards, or Lowes and seal the top and try it again.  The granite I chose for my kitchen did not stain with this test, and I’ve never had a problem (6 years after installation without sealing).

Ask your fabricator if the type of slab you chose is a good one.  Not all stone labeled granite is really granite, for example Uba Tuba isn’t granite – it’s charnockite.  And some types of granite are notorious for having problems (pitting, fissures, etc…).

Make sure the top of your cabinets is level.  Put a straight edge on top of it to make sure.  Some fabricators will give you an agreement to sign before they start, that will insist on cabinets being level within 1/8”.  If they are not, they could cause the granite to crack when pressure is applied (standing on the counter or pressure on places such as the front edge of a sink).  Ask the fabricator what they do about cracks during installation, and get it in writing.

Need an overhang for a countertop?  Try using the 2/3 on and 1/3 off rule (at least 2/3 of the slab on the cabinets and 1/3 or less as the overhang – 2’ on cabinet, 1’ overhang).  However, I prefer at least a 14” overhang for island seating, so I don’t bang my knees on the cabinets.  If you decide to go with a smaller overhang, test this by creating a mockup with cardboard, or find someone who has an overhang similar to what you are considering, and try it out.  You will need support for the overhang.  Unfortunately corbels are annoying and can get in the way.  Talk to your fabricator about alternatives, if you don’t want corbels in the center section.

Granite is a “cold” surface.  Maybe great for dough, but not comfortable for your arms.  Most people live with it, but some creative people install a radiant floor heating mat under their countertops, so they are warm.

After you’ve selected the slab ask the fabricator to let you preview the template layout on the slab before they cut it.  This will show you what each of the pieces will look like and allow you to make any changes in what part of the slab is on a particular counter.

After each piece is installed and before the fabricator leaves, clean the surface of the counter and run your hand over it feeling for flaws such as pits or rough spots.  Mark the location of each flaw with a piece of tape and have the installer fix them.  Sometimes they will have a special person who will come later to do this.